The most common lesions on the lids are styes. Styes are caused from blocked oil glands on or around the edge of the eyelid that results in bumps that are red, tender to touch and painful. They can be triggered by many factors that include overproduction of oil, bacterial infections or lack of proper hygiene. Bacterial involvement can often lead to increased inflammation, pain and pus. Never pop a stye as its contents can spread infection. Without proper treatment and drainage, persistent styes can turn into chalazions. In contrast to styes, chalazions are often painless bumps that can persist for more than several weeks and become cosmetically unappealing. Larger chalazions can cause discomfort and pressure to the cornea, leading to blurry vision.

Many other types of eyelid lesions include papilloma, xanthelasma, nevus, cysts, verruca, seborrheic keratosis and many more. Although most lid lesions are benign, some are malignant and cancerous such as basal cell carcinoma. Eyelid lesions are detected and diagnosed during comprehensive eye exams.

If you have a lesion or stye, make an appointment with your eye doctor to have it diagnosed and a remedy prescribed.